Month: November 2017

Install and Configure UMDS 6.5

VMware vSphere Update Manager Download Service (UMDS) is an optional module of Update Manager. For security reasons and deployment restrictions, vSphere, including Update Manager, might be installed in a secured network that is disconnected from other local networks and the Internet. Update Manager requires access to patch information to function properly. If you are using such an environment, you can install UMDS on a computer that has Internet access to download upgrades, patch binaries, and patch metadata, and then export the downloads to a portable media drive or configure an IIS server  so that they become accessible to the Update Manager server.

Pre-requisite

  • Verify that the machine on which you install UMDS has Internet access, so that UMDS can download upgrades, patch metadata and patch binaries.

  • Uninstall older version of UMDS 1.0.x, UMDX 4.x or UMDS 5.x if it is installed on the machine.

  • Create a database instance and configure it before you install UMDS. When you install UMDS on a 64-bit machine, you must configure a 64-bit DSN and test it from ODBC. The database privileges and preparation steps are the same as the ones used for Update Manager.

  • UMDS and Update Manager must be installed on different machines.

Installation and Configuration

Mount the vCenter ISO and open it and double-click the autorun.exe file and select vSphere Update Manager > Download Service.

  • (Optional) : Select the option to Use Microsoft SQL Server 2012 Express as the embedded database, and click Install ( if you have not installed as per-requisite)

2017-11-27 14_27_36-10.139.59.233 - Remote Desktop Connection

2017-11-27 14_29_05-10.139.59.233 - Remote Desktop Connection2017-11-27 14_30_00-10.139.59.233 - Remote Desktop Connection.png

2017-11-27 14_32_35-10.139.59.233 - Remote Desktop Connection
2017-11-27 14_32_49-10.139.59.233 - Remote Desktop Connection
Specify the Update Manager Download Service proxy settings ( if using proxy ) and click Next.
2017-11-27 14_33_22-10.139.59.233 - Remote Desktop Connection.png
Select the Update Manager Download Service installation and patch download directories and click Next.
Patch Download directories should have around 150 GB free space for successful patch download.
2017-11-27 14_34_01-10.139.59.233 - Remote Desktop Connection.png

 In the warning message about the disk free space, click OK.

Click Install to begin the installation.

2017-11-27 14_34_12-10.139.59.233 - Remote Desktop Connection
Click Finish , that completes the installation.

Configuring UMDS

UMDS does not have a GUI interface. All configuration will be done via the command line. To begin configuration, open a command prompt and browse to the directory where UMDS is installed:

In my case it is installed  at C:\Program Files\VMware\Infrastructure\Update Manager>

1.png

# Run command vmware-umds -G  to view the patch store location, the proxy settings and which downloads are enabled. By default it is configured to download host patches for ESX(i) 4 , 5 and 6. i have disabled for 4 and 5.

2.png downloads can be disabled by running:

#vmware-umds -S -d embeddedEsx-5.0.0-INTL

Important commands:

You can enable or disable all host patch downloads you can run:

vmware-umds -S –enable-host
vmware-umds -S –disable-host
vmware-umds -S –enable-host –enable-va
vmware-umds -S –disable-host –disable-va

You can change the patch store location using:

vmware-umds -S –patch-store c:\Patches

New URLs can be added, or existing ones removed by using:

vmware-umds -S –add-url
vmware-umds -S –remove-url

To start downloading patches you can us:

vmware-umds -D

this command re-downloads the patches between set times to reduce load during core business hours.

vmware-umds -R –start-time 2010-11-01T00:00:00 –end-time 2010-11-30T23:59:59

Once you have your patches downloaded, the next step is to how to make them available to Update Manager. There are a couple of ways you can do this depending on your environment. If you wish to export all the downloaded patches to an external drive, for transfer to the Update Manager server, you can do so by running, for example:

vmware-umds -E –export-store e:\patchs  and then zip it or another way is to configure IIS web server and publish the patch location.

For IIS , Select Add Roles and Features in your Windows 2012 Server Manager and select the Web Server (IIS) checkbox.

After IIS installation is completed start Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager which is located in the Administrative Tools.Right click Default Web Site and select Add Virtual Directory , Choose an Alias for the Virtual Directory and select the patch store location as physical path.

3.png

In the MIME Types you need to add .vib and .sig as application/octet-stream type. Finally you need to enable Directory Browsing on the Virtual Directory.

4

and to start using this shared repository with the Update Manager, login to the vSphere Web Client go to Update Manager  then to go Admin View – Settings – Download settings and click Edit. Select Use a shared repository and enter the URL (http://IP address/FQDN/VIRTUAL_DIRECTORY).

5.png

After clicking OK it will validate the repository and download the metadata of the downloaded patches and then follow your existing process like creation of baselines  , attach the base lines and patch your hosts.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deploy VMware Cloud Foundation on IBM Cloud – Part -1

IBM Cloud for VMware Solutions enables you to quickly and seamlessly integrate or migrate your on-premises VMware workloads to the IBM Cloud by using the scalable, secure, and high-performance IBM Cloud infrastructure and the industry-leading VMware hybrid virtualization technology.

IBM Cloud for VMware Solutions allows you to easily deploy your VMware virtual environments and manage the infrastructure resources on IBM Cloud. At the same time, you can still use your familiar native VMware product console to manage the VMware workloads.

Deployment Options:

IBM Cloud for VMware Solutions provides standardized and customizable deployment choices of VMware virtual environments. The following deployment types are offered:

  • VMware Cloud Foundation on IBM Cloud: The Cloud Foundation offering provides a unified VMware virtual environment by using standard IBM Cloud compute, storage, and network resources that are dedicated to each user deployment.
  • VMware vCenter Server on IBM Cloud: The vCenter Server offering allows you to deploy a VMware virtual environment by using custom compute, storage, and network resources to best fit your business needs.
  • VMware vSphere on IBM Cloud: The vSphere on IBM Cloud offering provides a customizable virtualization service that combines VMware-compatible bare metal servers, hardware components, and licenses, to build your own IBM-hosted VMware environment.

To use IBM Cloud for VMware Solutions to order instances, you must have an IBM Cloud account. The cost of the components that are ordered in your instances is billed to that IBM Cloud account.

When you order VMware Cloud Foundation on IBM Cloud, an entire VMware environment is deployed automatically. The base deployment consists of four IBM Cloud Bare Metal Servers with the VMware Cloud Foundation stack pre-installed and configured to provide unified software-defined data center (SDDC) platform. Cloud Foundation natively integrates VMware vSphere, VMware NSX, VMware Virtual SAN, and This has been architected based on VMware-validated designs.

The following image depicts the overall architecture and components of the Cloud Foundation deployment.

1.png

Physical infrastructure

Physical Infrastructure provides the physical compute, storage, and network resources to be used by the virtual infrastructure.

Virtualization infrastructure (Compute, Storage, and Network)

Virtualization infrastructure layer virtualizes the physical infrastructure through different VMware products:

  • VMware vSphere virtualizes the physical compute resources.
  • vSAN provides software-defined shared storage based on the storage in the physical servers.
  • VMware NSX is the network virtualization platform that provides logical networking components and virtual networks.

Virtualization Management

Virtualization Management consists of vCenter Server, which represents the management layer for the virtualized environment. The same familiar vSphere API-compatible tools and scripts can be used to manage the IBM hosted VMware environment.

On the IBM Cloud for VMware Solutions console, you can expand and contract the capacity of your instances using the add and remove ESXi server capability. In addition, lifecycle management functions like applying updates and upgrading the VMware components in the hosted environment are also available.

Cloud Foundation (VCF) Technical specifications

Hardware (options)

  • Small (Dual Intel Xeon E5-2650 v4 / 24 cores total, 2.20 GHz / 128 GB RAM)
  • Large (Dual Intel Xeon E5-2690 v4 / 28 cores total, 2.60 GHz / 512 GB RAM)
  • User customized (CPU model and RAM) ( up to 1.5 TB of Memory)

Networking

  • 10 Gbps dual public and private network uplinks
  • Three VLANs: one public and two private
  • Secure VMware NSX Edge Services Gateway

VSIs ( Virtual Server Instances)

  • One VSI for Windows AD and DNS services

Storage:

  • Small option: Two 1.9 TB SSD capacity disks
  • Large option: Four 3.8 TB SSD capacity disks
  • User customized option
    • Storage disk: 1.9 or 3.8 TB SSD
    • Disk quantity: 2, 4, 6, or 8
  • Included in all storage options
    • Two 1 TB SATA boot disks
    • Two 960 GB SSD cache disks
    • One RAID disk controller
  • One 2 TB shared block storage for backups that can be scaled up to 12 TB (you can choose whether you want the storage by selecting or deselecting the Veeam on IBM Cloud service)

IBM-provided VMware licenses or bring your own licenses (BYOL)

  • VMware vSphere Enterprise Plus 6.5u1
  • VMware vCenter Server 6.5
  • VMware NSX Enterprise 6.3
  • VMware vSAN (Advanced or Enterprise) 6.6
  • SDDC Manager licenses
  • Support and Services fee (one license per node)

As you must be aware that VCF has strict requirements on the physical infrastructure. That’s the reason, you can deploy instances only in IBM Cloud Data Centers that meet the requirements. VCF can be deployed in these cities data centers – Amsterdam, Chennai, Dallas, Frankfurt, HongKong, London, Melbourne, Queretaro, Milan, Montreal, Oslo, Paris, Sao Paulo, Seoul, San Jose, Singapore, Sydney, Tokyo, Toronto, Washington.

When you order a VCF instance, you can also order additional services on top of VCF

Veeam on IBM Cloud

This service helps you manage the backup and restore of all the virtual machines (VMs) in your environment, including the backup and restore of the management components.

F5 on IBM Cloud

This service optimizes performance and ensures availability and security for applications with the F5 BIG-IP Virtual Edition (VE).

FortiGate Security Appliance on IBM Cloud

This service deploys an HA-pair of FortiGate Security Appliance (FSA) 300 series devices that can provide firewall, routing, NAT, and VPN services to protect the public network connection to your environment.

Managed Services

These services enable IBM Integrated Managed Infrastructure (IMI) to deliver dynamic remote management services for a broad range of cloud infrastructures.

Zerto on IBM Cloud

This service provides replication and disaster recovery capabilities to help protect your workloads.

This post covers some basic information about VMware and VCF options available to IBM Cloud , in the next post i will deploy fully automated VCF , till then Happy learning 🙂